[DEBATE] : (Fwd) Monbiot, Guardian reports on London protests
pbond at mail.ngo.za
Wed Apr 1 22:21:38 BST 2009
G20 protests: Riot police, or rioting police?
At the G20 protests in London only one group appears to be looking for
violent confrontation – and it's not the protesters
* Digg it
G20 protests turn violent at Bank in the City of London. Photograph:
Force majeure ... are the police protesting too much? Photograph: Owen
The trouble-makers are out in force again. Dressed in black, their faces
partly obscured, some of them appear to be interested only in violent
confrontation. It's almost as if they are deliberately raising the
temperature, pushing and pushing until a fight kicks off. But this isn't
some disorganised rabble: these people were bussed in and are plainly
acting in concert. There's another dead giveaway. They are all wearing
the same slogan: Police.
The police have been talking up violence at the G20 protests for weeks.
They briefed journalists and companies in the City of London about the
evil designs of the climate campaigners intending to demonstrate there,
but refused to let the campaigners attend the briefings and put their
own side of the story. They also rebuffed the campaigners when they
sought to explain to the police what they wanted to do.
The way officers tooled themselves up in riot gear and waded into a
peaceful crowd this afternoon makes it look almost as if they were
trying to ensure that their predictions came true. Their bosses appear
to have failed either to read or to heed the report by the parliamentary
committee on human rights last week, about the misuse of police powers
against protesters. "Whilst we recognise police officers should not be
placed at risk of serious injury," the report said, "the deployment of
riot police can unnecessarily raise the temperature at protests."
But there has always been a conflict of interest inherent in policing.
The police are supposed to prevent crime and keep the streets safe. But
if they are too successful, they do themselves out of a job. They have a
powerful interest in exaggerating threats and, perhaps, an interest in
ensuring that sometimes these threats materialise. This could explain
what I've seen at one protest after another, where peaceful
demonstrations turn into ugly rucks only when the police attack. The
wildly disproportionate and unnecessary violence I've sometimes seen the
police deploy could scarcely be better designed to provoke a reaction.
If this is so, they lose nothing. They might get the occasional rap over
the knuckles from MPs or the police complaints commission. It doesn't
seem to bother them. By planting the idea in the public mind that the
streets could erupt into catastrophic violence at any time, were it not
for the thick blue line thrown around even the mildest protest, they
establish the need for a heavy police presence. While the public lives
in fear, no government dares to cut the policing budget.
G20 protests: riot police clash with demonstrators
• RBS branch stormed as bloody skirmishes erupt
• Thousands of protesters held in containment pens
• Barack Obama and Gordon Brown upbeat on G20 deal
* Sam Jones, Jenny Percival and Paul Lewis
* guardian.co.uk, Wednesday 1 April 2009 20.58 BST
* Article history
Demonstrators have been involved in skirmishes with officers outside the
Bank of England in central London Link to this video
The G20 protests in central London turned violent today ahead of
tomorrow's summit, with a band of demonstrators close to the Bank of
England storming a Royal Bank of Scotland branch, and baton-wielding
police charging a sit-down protest by students.
Much of the protesting, from an estimated 4,000 people in the financial
centre of the capital, was peaceful, but some bloody skirmishes broke
out as police tried to keep thousands of people in containment pens
surrounding the Bank of England on Threadneedle Street.
A minority of demonstrators seemed determined to cause damage, seeking
confrontation as they surged towards police lines. Late tonight, much of
the City remained cordoned off.
By about 8pm, running battles between riot police and demonstrators were
taking place across London Bridge. Bottles, sticks and bricks were thrown.
Nearer the heart of the City, police moved in to break up a 'climate
camp' on Bishopsgate, with baton-wielding officers said to be pushing
through a line of tents and bicycles. At least five armoured police
vehicles were also at the scene.
The trouble broke out as Gordon Brown and Barack Obama announced that
the G20 leaders were "within a few hours" of agreeing a global deal for
economic recovery. The G20 summit will be held tomorrow, amid high
security, in London's Docklands.
Earlier in the day,protesters targeting the Bank of England were met by
lines of police whose tactics were to try to pen demonstrators inside
multiple cordons of officers. "It's our street, it's our street," the
protesters chanted as they were forced forward on to the line.
At one stage, after midday, riot officers and police dogs and horses
removed some 20 protesters who had spent a quarter of an hour ransacking
an RBS branch, tearing out computers and telephones. To cheers and
shouts, they smashed several of the bank's windows, writing "burn a
banker" and "scum" in spray paint. Police in riot gear inside the bank
tackled protesters trying to climb in through the smashed windows.
Subsequently, at least 10 protesters sitting down in the street close to
the Bank of England were left with bloody head wounds after being
charged by officers with batons at around 4.30pm. One woman, said to be
an Italian student, was carried off unconscious.
Tonight the Metropolitan police said 32 people had been arrested. The
offences ranged from threatening behaviour and criminal damage to
violent disorder; two were arrested for aggravated burglary on the RBS
building and one for attempted arson on the branch. One was detained in
possession of a class-A drug, while another 12 protesters who had turned
up at the protest in a blue armoured personnel carrier were arrested in
connection with possession of police uniforms and road traffic offences.
Some buildings in the City were boarded up in anticipation of trouble,
with staff warned to work from home or dress down. As protesters began
to gather, after 11am, some City workers were seen waving £10 notes at
them from office windows.
After the charge against the sit-down protest at students, there were
complaints that officers had been heavy handed. "When people surrounded
RBS, I could understand police tactics," said Jack Bright, 19. "We were
sat down, trying to have a peaceful protest, but they started whacking us."
With his head wounds bandaged up by an ITN crew, Finn O'Sullivan, 21,
said: "There was a girl in front of me who got hit. Then a bloke got hit
and fell to the floor. I was next in line and just remember shields
coming down on us. The police were stamping and kicking. I asked them to
let me through the line for medical treatment but they said no."
Earlier police spent an hour clearing and sealing off the branch of RBS
that had been targeted. The firm is at the centre of a row over
£703,000-a-year pension payments to Sir Fred Goodwin, the disgraced
former chief executive – and the branch had been closed today as a
By midday, around 60 protesters and police were involved in scuffles,
which saw officers pelted with bottles, eggs, fruit and paint. Some
officers also had their helmets ripped from their heads and thrown into
the air, which turned pink and red as protesters let off smoke bombs.
Police responded by using truncheons, batons and pepper spray.
Protesters pushing against the police on Threadneedle Street provoked
intermittent skirmishes that left several officers and demonstrators
injured. Police used truncheons and batons to beat back the protesters
each time they surged forward. Some in the pens demanded to be released,
saying they were being denied the right to march.
Scotland Yard said corralling the demonstrators into the area was a
legitimate tactic as missiles were being thrown at police officers on
Threadneedle Street. A spokesman said that the pens would remain in
place for as long as necessary, but by 3pm police had loosened the
cordon around the Bank and allowed crowds to filter away along Queen
Injured demonstrators with bleeding heads and necks were ushered through
the crowd while others handed out milk so that people could wash the
pepper spray from their eyes and mouths.
Harry, dressed as the Grim Reaper, led the procession from Moorgate to
the Bank of England. His costume did not amuse the police, however, who
demanded that he remove his skull mask so they could see his face.
He said it was the first time he had marched in 10 years. "I'm
protesting for the small individuals in Britain who have been left with
their pants down as the government bails out the banks for billions of
dollars. Where's the money for the struggling baker, butcher, small
marketing people and architectural companies?"
But by late afternoon tempers around the main protest zone were fraying,
as demonstartors complained they were being blocked in by police and not
being allowed to leave.
Then, at around 7pm, the police moved in on the climate camp. Rebecca
Pearse, of the Legal Observer Collective, who said they worked with
police to provide a witness of events, said that until the police moved
in "it had been all sunshine, smiles, cake , food and drums. Then it
G20 summit and protests: live blog
As world leaders gather for the London G20 summit, thousands of
protesters have taken to the streets to vent their anger about the
economic crisis, climate change and the war on terror. We bring you the
latest news and analysis from the summit and updates from the protests
G20 protesters with police standing guard in central London
Police stand guard in central London as protesters demonstrate against
the G20 summit meetings on 1 April 2009. Photograph: Bruno
Over the next 48 hours there is going to be a deluge of G20-related news
and comment in the form of articles, blogs, video, audio and even
tweets. This blog will update the news as it happens and signpost where
you can find out more.
First up: Barack Obama has just arrived at Downing Street and posed
briefly for the cameras with Gordon Brown.
What is everyone wearing? The Guardian's Esther Addley introduces us to
some of the G20 other halves in a new picture gallery.
Applause was audible from Downing Street staff as Obama entered Number
10, according to PA. He and Brown are expected to start their
discussions over breakfast, and will hold a press conference later.
"It's easy to spot bankers when they're 'dressing down' - look for
chinos & a normal smart shirt, but unbuttoned & a baseball cap," tweets
PolitikSkeptic who uses a picture of George Orwell.
Millionaireblog says: "Not a lot happening down by the bank of england
this morning so no problems getting in. Not many people in suits today
Downing Street says that the G20 press conference between Obama and
Brown will take place at 9.30am and can be watched live on its website.
French president Nicolas Sarkozy appears to be squaring up for fight or
a walk out. "The conversation is going forward, there are projects on
the table. As things stand at the moment, these projects do not suit
France or Germany," he told Europe 1 radio.
Billy Bragg needs someone to help him transport his gear to Bank so that
his musical protest can go ahead.
Hillary Clinton and David Miliband have arrived at Downing Street.
You'll be able to follow live coverage of Obama and Brown's press
Twitter round up:
Last Hours: "Cops & security guards on every corner of the city."
Christian Action: "Lots of jeans & trainers in City today. Strange air
Russell Brand: "Today at the Bank at noon I shall be protesting by being
enraptured with joy and beauty and not being bludgeoned into tedium."
Pop Chris "Staff @ RBS, Bishopsgate are told that once in, they cannot
leave the building until end of business. Expecting the worst."
Guardian and Observer reporters will be tweeting from the G20 summit and
The Brown/Obama press conference is due to start any minute. Andrew
Sparrow will be liveblogging it in fine detail.
As activists descend on London the Guardian's business team tracks the
impact they are having on the city.
The NUJ is offering legal help to journalists who find themselves
hampered by the police while covering the protests.
The blogging project G20Voice is livestreaming footage of its efforts.
Here's their blurb:
50 of the world's most interesting and influential bloggers will be your
eyes and ears at the G20 Summit in London, April 2. They come from 22
different countries, and between them represent a global audience of
over 14 million readers and online participants. They are journalists
who use blogging as their medium to disseminate their views. Some are
'professional bloggers', others are ordinary citizens who have become
well known through their blogs.
The Brown/Obama press conference is underway.
My colleague, Paul Lewis, sent this update from the City:
Link to this audio
There is already a heavy police presence at the Bank of England, which
is set to be the focus of the demonstrations, and where protesters will
gather at noon. Police surveillance teams have been deployed on the roof
of the bank and are poised to identify known troublemakers and relay
information to the operational command.
In front of the bank, police have erected a double-barrier pen with
locks. The equipment is likely to be used to corral protesters into a
Banks, financial institutions and shops along the march route have been
boarded up and police officers are standing in doorways near tube
stations and patrolling the pavement.
The first sign of today's protests came courtesy of a group of 200
cyclists who are cycling around the city this morning holding a banner
proclaiming: "Pedalling for the planet."
Protesters have already begun to congregate at Cannon Street, Liverpool
Street, Moorgate and London Bridge. At 11am, they will follow the four
horsemen of the apocalypse from these four rendezvous points.
A quick glance around suggests that the vast majority of City workers
have followed police advice and opted to dress down.
'It's one of the biggest police operations there's ever been in London',
Paul Lewis explains who's demonstrating in the capital, and the steps
being taken to keep things peaceful
Paddy Allen has produced a brilliant interactive guide to the protesters
on an "axes of dissent".
Dave Hill, the Guardian's digital journalist of the year, is also at the
Bank of England with lots of other journalists. According to his
liveblog he has already been twice asked for quotes from his fellow
Is it a tank or an armoured car? Whatever it is, its outside RBS on
Andrew McDonough says it looks like a Bat Mobile.
Six protesters in an armoured car have been arrested, according to the
BBC. Paul Lewis, our man on the scene, says there were around 10
Follow the latest developments from the G20 summit and protests in
London with updates on our interactive map.
The anarchists in the armoured car are being questioned, they have not
been arrested, according to the BBC. My colleague Sam Jones has just
spoken to the Met Police, who say they cannot confirm any arrests.
Tension is reported at Liverpool Street where Gordon White tweets that
police are holding back protesters. He also says officers have a water
cannon outside the RBS building there.
Our reporter Rachel Williams is at the "silver horse" march, which is
currently at the City end of London Bridge. She said the mood is
peaceful and jolly. A brass band is playing "Tequila" and much amusement
has been generated by a man in a suit and tie whose cab has got stuck in
the middle of it all. Her favourite banner so far is "Make love, not
Russell Brand has arrived at the Bank of England!
In an interview, that was shambolic to say the least, Russell Brand told
Sky News he was at the Bank to "observe and participate peacefully".
When asked why he was angry he replied "I ain't angry...I live
here...talk to everyone else."
Sky reported minor scuffles when police arrested someone wearing a black
hood and scarf, the supposed uniform of anarchists, outside the Bank.
There are plenty of people dressed in that manner but there has been no
sign of any violence so far.
G20 Demonsrators A demonstrator makes an anti-G20 sign out of coins at
Trafalgar Square in central London Photograph: Reuters
Paul Lewis, Guardian reporter, with the march from Liverpool Street says
that police are struggling to cope with the sheer number of protesters
as the Liverpool Street marchers converge with those who started at
Moorgate outside the Bank of England. Paul says the barriers designed to
fence in the protesters are not big enough. A handful of protesters have
been arrested and dragged into police vans, he says.
The silver horse marchers (from London Bridge) have just arrived at the
There's trouble outside the Bank of England, where thousands of
demonstrators have now converged. Guardian reporter Paul Lewis says
there's a fight between about 50 police officers and demonstrators.
Protesters have stripped police of their helmets and thrown them in the
air. Bottles have also been thrown. The police have been forced to
retreat and smoke bombs have turned the air red. Another Guardian
reporter, Sandra Laville, says an officer has been covered with pink paint.
Matthew Weaver's Twitpic Matthew Weaver's Twitpic Photograph: Matthew
A protester is shouting "We were tear-gassed", tweets the Guardian's
Sandra Laville. Police are still not confirming any arrest figures.
Matthew Weaver has recorded an interview with a marcher, Laurenz,
originally from Berlin.
Here's a picture Matthew Weaver took outside the Bank of England
For fear of neglecting those who are - partially at least - the subject
of the protests, here's some details of what the City workers are making
of today's activity.
The Press Association reports that City workers waved £10 notes at
protesters as they passed their offices. It must be a recession - those
would have been £50 notes a few years back.
Guardian journalist David Teather is at Killik & Co, a small branch of
the stock-broking firm just around the corner from the Bank of England.
He says the firm has locked its doors and not made any appointments but
the staff are wearing suits.
"As far as we are concerned, work goes on," James Gatehouse who runs the
office told David. "I was asked by a friend this morning if I was
nervous. I spent 15 years in the army before this and my last major riot
was in Drumcree, which was a little more serious than this."
David adds most people passing the office have taken the advice of
police and employers and dressed down. "But there are exceptions. One
man wandering past as I was coming in, was in full City pinstripe and
told a policeman standing outside that he had decided to 'dress as
offensively as possible'" says David.
An anonymous City banker tells the Guardian:
"I think the office looks more colourful with everyone in the same colour
jeans and t-shirt. Bishopsgate was funny this morning, never seen more
people in jeans obviously looking like bankers - too many pressed
t-shirts and designer jeans."
Paul Lewis says there's a "kettle" at the Bank of England, i.e. police
have hemmed in protesters. The scuffles earlier do not seem to have
Guardian reporters on the scene say many of the people gathered appear
to be curious onlookers rather than demonstrators.
Banners include "drop books not bombs", "the un-free market failed", and
"0 per cent interest in others".
TV pictures show a small group of protesters apparently goading police.
One protester is apparently bleeding from his head. There have been some
clashes now and missiles thrown. One demonstrator has struck a police
officer with a pole. It should be emphasised though that there seem to
be more people photographing the trouble than there are protesters
involved in it.
Matthew Weaver has recorded some more audio from the scene.
The first is of the minor trouble earlier
And the second is of the band!
The Met Police told my colleague Sam Jones that 11 people have been
arrested so far today, all after the armoured car incident. They have
been arrested in connection with possession of police uniforms and
Paul Lewis says there are clashes on Threadneedle Street outside the
Bank. Bottles have been thrown, police have drawn truncheons and there
have been injuries on both sides. Sandra Laville says police are not
letting anyone in or out and had to move in to rescue an officer who
A climate camp has been set up on Bishopsgate in the City. Campaigners
carrying tents, picnic blankets and wooden stalls, set up the camp at
12.30pm and intend to stay for 24 hours.
"The G20 is meeting up to shore up an economic system that has been
disastrous in many ways and one way it guarantees to create disaster is
the fact that it's got us on course for runaway climate change," said
climate camper Richard Howlett.
Sandra Laville reports "Cracked heads from police batons" on
Threadneedle Street. Paul Lewis says police in riot gear have emerged. A
branch of RBS is being pelted with bottles and a window has been smashed.
Domcasciani on Twitter says police took away one man at the climate camp
demo after campaigners attempted to take the road and shut down all traffic
Meanwhile, most bankers seem relatively unaffected. Ricky Dilorenzo, a
property developer taking a fag break, wearing a suit on Lombard Street,
just round the corner from the Bank of England, told Matthew Weaver he
didn't feel at all threatened by the "misinformed" protesters.
Meanwhile David Teather is at the rooftop garden at City restaurant Coq
d'Argent where he says there are 36 diners but only two ties. There are
security checks before getting in the lift but a waiter tells him
business is better than usual because of the riots. People are at the
balcony watching the protests, drinking chablis.
More windows reported smashed at RBS, branch and masked people trying to
get in. Chants of "Whose bank?" answered by "Our bank" and "We paid for
this, rob the bank".
Protesters have broken into RBS and are coming out with computers and
files. There is glass and blood, says Paul Lewis. Riot police are
advancing on horses.
A "spiderman" has freeclimbed the side of the BofE and unfurled a banner
to the awe of onlookers, says Guardian reporter Alok Jha.
Sorry, it appears some content may have been lost due to technical problems.
Mounted police were stationed belatedly outside the RBS branch which
came under attack and officers went inside with police dogs. The
building has now been cleared and sealed off.
Matthew Weaver saw a protester come out covered in blood:
The mood is lighter over at climate camp where Matthew Weaver has been.
Earlier Matthew spoke to the comedy terrorist, Aaron Barschak, who is
dressed as Jesus with a sign saying "Moneylenders out".
He said: "I thought I'd come and join in the festivities of what is
effectively a fun day that will change nothing."
Protesters and police clash at G20 demonstrations Link to this video
Here's some video of the earlier clashes outside the Bank of England.
Police have relaxed the cordon around the Bank and allowed crowds to
filter away along Queen Victoria Street.
Some demonstrators told the Press Association they had seen incidents of
police brutality and complained that officers had occasionally "gone
over the top".
"Cops clearly don't like Bob Marley just randomly charging the demo
during 'One Love'," Lasthours tweeted.
Matthew Weaver says it's still tense outside the RBS branch.
Alok Jha tweets that things are also tense on Poultry, round the corner
from the Bank of England, where protesters are being held back by police.
David Teather is still on Poultry, albeit in the rooftop garden of the
Coq d'Argent restaurant with City workers, where he says: "A banker in
pinstripe tells me he is lunching as an act of defiance."
Police have now confirmed 19 arrests today, 11 in relation to the
armoured car incident, and the others as follows.
1 - threatening behaviour
2 - violent behaviour
1 - obstructing the highway
2 - breach of peace
1 - indecency
1 - possession of class A drugs.
Over at climate camp things are much more peaceful relative to RBS with
"If you don't like the violence elsewhere, come to climate camp. It's
completely peaceful! And good fun!" tweets climate camp.
Sandra Laville says: "Families camped out relaxed police looking on. But
will they let them stay?"
Stop the War coalition has arrived at Trafalgar Square. Islington North
Labour MP Jeremy Corbyn has just addressed the crowd. All appears calm.
This incredible photo shows how many photographers were outside the RBS
branch, presumably waiting for something like this to happen.
Police on horses have carried out two charges down Threadneedle Street
in a bid to disperse protesters, says Alok Jha, who is at the scene.
Alok said everything had been calm beforehand and demonstrators have not
been impressed by the police response.
The "hardcore" protesters have broken through police lines and have made
their way to an unboarded HSBC branch on Queen Victoria Street, says
Guardian reporter Paul Lewis. An anarchist flag has been raised on an
office block opposite the branch, he adds. The Press Association
reported a fight on the same street between two men - one wearing a suit
- which was broken up by police.
On Twitter, Snufkin21 says Stop the War protesters booed the media
present "for hyping up the G20 violence". The huge media presence has
been criticised by a number of people on Twitter who believe it's
encouraged extreme elements to "play to the gallery".
Things are turning "very nasty" on Queen Victoria Street, according to
Paul Lewis. He says protesters trying to sit down in protest have been
"pounded" by riot police with batons trying to drive them back towards
the Bank of England.
"I've just seen a girl unconscious being carried away, her whole face
drenched in blood," tweets Paul.
Someone has been knocked out by a police baton charge near Canon Street
(which is round the corner from Queen Victoria Street) according to a
g20 beat British police in riot gear beat protesters in central London's
financial district Photograph: AP
While our reporter Alok Jha tries to extricate himself from the police
cordon, Nicolas Sarkozy and Angela Merkel are giving a joint press
conference in London. The French president described his "red lines" for
the G20 summit as tax havens, trader remuneration and regulation and
control of hedge funds.
Now that the media have got their pictures of police and protesters
clashing outside the BofE and RBS a lot of news organisations seem to
have lost interest in the demonstrations.
The confrontation on Queen Victoria Street (4.44pm) seems to have been
largely ignored but protesters told the Guardian that police overreacted
to a peaceful protest by anti-war protesters, many of them hippies.
There's a feeling among some that police may have been "settling scores"
following the trouble at RBS earlier.
Environmental campaigner and Guardian contributor George Monbiot asks
"Riot police, or rioting police?" on his blog.
Guardian reporter Alok Jha has managed to get out of the police cordon
(see 5.08pm) but he had to show his press card to do so.
The protest is continuing outside the Bank of England but most people
seem to be in a party mood.
The Press Association reports the detention of "a bald man, who had been
taunting the police with cries of 'William Wallace' as he beat his chest.
The police apparently took away his pint glass.
The story leading the Daily Mail site says: "Protesters storm RBS office
as thousands of anti-capitalists ransack the City in G20 riot."
Thousands? Are you sure? The arrest tally stands at 20.
There is not one picture illustrating the peaceful demonstrators on the
Mail site as far as I can see.
In its latest bulletin Sky News described the troublemakers as a
"handful", which seems much more accurate.
Guardian reporter Alok Jha may have removed himself from the pen by
flashing his press card but he says that police plan to keep everyone
else in indefinitely.
France and Germany have laid down the gauntlet of what they want to see
from tomorrow's summit, demanding stricter banking regulation.
Amid all the concern about the global economy, most world leaders have
probably been really fretting about how close they will be sitting to
Barack Obama at tonight's dinner (catering by Jamie Oliver) for G20
delegates. The seating plan shows Germany to his right, South Korea to
his left and Argentina opposite.
People penned in by police outside the Bank of England are chanting "Let
us out", themadhiker tweets.
World Development Movement, which campaigns against global poverty, says
it has had its accreditation for tomorrow's summit withdrawn by Number
10 "at the last minute".
The Press Association also reports people chanting "Let us out" (see
6.24pm). It says a few people threw plastic bottles, banners and toilet
rolls at officers on Cornhill, at the corner of the Bank of England. TV
pictures show rows of riot police blocking the way out (or in).
More trouble reported at Mansion House place, people throwing bottles
and then a police baton charge after the crowd surged forward.
War on Want has posted pictures and a video of its dead canary (Canary
Wharf RIP, geddit?!!) on its website
Metropolitan Police Commander Simon O'Brien said tonight that small
pockets of criminals were responsible for the outbreaks of trouble while
the vast majority of participants were good humoured.
He said there had been 26 arrests overall linked to the protests,
including four last night, and others involved in violence should expect
a "knock on the door".
"We are already in the process of collecting key evidence against
individuals involved in violent acts and disorder and other activity in
the crowd," he said.
Senior officers said one police officer is in hospital tonight receiving
treatment after receiving a blow to the head. Seven protesters have also
been taken to hospital.
Thankfully, things appear to remain peaceful at climate camp.
The blog is shutting down for the night now but any updates will appear
in our main protests story and we will be liveblogging again from 7am
tomorrow. Full coverage can be found on our G20 homepage.
Thank you for all your comments and feel free to continue the discussion.
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